General Information on Nephrocerus

Nephrocerus is one of the most enigmatic genera of pipunculids. Their host was recently discovered by David Koenig and Chen Young. They attack adult crane flies (Tipulidae). Their larvae develop rapidly within these flies before emerging and forming a prepupa in the soil.

Nephrocerus currently contains 18 extant, described species, 12 of which are Palaearctic and six which are Nearctic.

Nephrocerus Literature

Churkin, S. V. 1991. New fly species of the genus Nephrocerus (Diptera, Pipunculidae) from the Soviet Far East. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 70: 151-154.

Grootaert, P. and M. De Meyer. 1984. A Nephrocerus species new to science from Belgium (Diptera, Pipunculidae). Annales de la Societe Royale Zoologique de Belgique 114: 323.

Grootaert, P. and M. De Meyer. 1986. On the taxonomy and ecology of Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera, Pipunculidae) with a redescription of N. lapponicus and a key to the European species. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie 56: 85-91.

Johnson, C. W. 1903. Two new species of the family Pipunculidae. Entomological News 14: 107-108.

Johnson, C. W. 1915. A new species of the genus Nephrocerus. The Canadian Entomologist 47: 54-56.

Koenig, D. P. and C. W. Young. 2005. First observation of parasitic relations between big-headed flies of the genus Nephrocerus (Diptera: Pipunculidae) and crane flies of the genus Tipula (Diptera: Tupulidae: Tipulinae), with larval and puparial descriptions of Nephrocerus atrapilus Skevington. in prep.

Kozánek, M. 1981. Rod Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera, Pipunculidae) v Ceskoslovensku. [Genus Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera, Pipunculidae) in Czechoslovakia]. Biológia (Bratislava) 36: 395-396.

Kozánek, M. and Y. J. Kwon. 1992. Classification of the family Pipunculidae from Korea (Diptera) Part 3. A new species of the genus Nephrocerus Zetterstedt from North Korea. The Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 31: 7-9.

Kuznetzov, S. Y. 1990. New Palaearctic species of Pipunculidae (Diptera). Dipterological Research 1: 22-50.

Morakote, R. 1988. Four new species of Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera : Pipunculidae) from Japan. Esakia 26: 79-90.

Skevington, J. H. 2005. Revision of Nearctic Nephrocerus Zetterstedt (Diptera: Pipunculidae). Zootaxa 977: 1-36.

Xu, Y. and C.-K. Yang. 1997. A new species of Pipunculidae (Diptera) from southern Gansu, China. Entomotaxonomia 19: 32-34.

TRANSLATION OF: Churkin, S.V. 1991. New fly species of the genus Nephrocerus (Diptera, Pipunculidae) from the Soviet Far East. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal. 70(10): 151-154.



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